Russian Language Grammar

    Table of Prepositions

A preposition is an auxiliary part of speech. Prepositions are used with nouns, pronouns, and numerals. Prepositions may be classified as follows:

   (a) The original ones (the oldest in the language): без, в, до, на, о, etc.

   (b) Adverbial prepositions (and still used as adverbs): мимо, напротив, сзади, etc.

   (c) Prepositions formed from nouns: ввиду, в течение, насчёт, навстречу, etc.

   (d) A few prepositions formed from verbs: благодаря, не считая, несмотря на, etc.

The prepositions, with examples of their usage, are listed in chapters "Declension of Nouns" and "Usage of Cases".

The following table gives a recapitulation of prepositions in alphabetical order. Note that most prepositions govern only one case, a few prepositions govern two or three cases, and the preposition пo governs four cases. 

PREPOSITION

CASE

MEANING

без (безо)

Gen.

without

благодаря

Dat.

thanks to, because of

близ

Gen.

near

в (во)

 

Асс.

into, in, to, at

Prep.

in, at

в виде

Gen.

as, in the form of, by way of

в продолжение

Gen.

during,throughout

в силу

Gen.

in virtue, on the strength

в течение

Gen.

during

ввиду

Gen.

on account of

вдоль

Gen.

along

включая

Acс.

including

вместо

Gen.

instead

вне

Gen.

out of, outside, beyond

внутри

Gen.

inside

возле

Gen.

near

вокруг

Gen.

around

вопреки

Dat.

in spite of, against

впереди

Gen.

in front of

вроде

Gen.

like, similar to

вследствие

Gen.

as a consequence, as a result

для

Gen.

for

до

Gen.

before, until, to

за

Acc.

behind,   beyond, for (in favor of), during

Instr.

behind, beyond, for (to fetch), at

Nom.

(in the expression что за...)

за исключением

Gen.

except, excepting

из (изо)

Gen.

from, out of

из-за

Gen.

from behind;  because of, on account

из-под

Gen.

from under

исключая

Acc.

excepting, with the exception of

к (ко)

Dat.

to, towards, by (with time expressions)

кончая

Instr.

ending (with, on)

кроме

Gen.

besides;   except (for)

кругом

Gen.

around

между

Instr.

between

Gen.

between   (See "Isolated Rules")

мимо

Gen.

past, by

на

Acc.

on, onto;   to; for

Prep.

on; at

навстречу

Dat.

towards

над (надо)

Instr.

above, over

назло

Dat.

for spite, to displease

накануне

Gen.

the day before, on the eve

наперекор

Dat.

in defiance, in opposition, against

напротив

Gen.

across from

насчёт

Gen.

about, regarding

не считая

Gen.

excluding, not counting

несмотря на

Acc.

in spite of, regardless of

о (об, обо)

Prep.

about, concerning

Acc.

against  (implying shock)

около

Gen.

near, around;   about (approximately)

от (ото)

Gen.

from;  because of

относительно

Gen.

regarding, concerning, with regard to

перед (передо)

Instr.

in front of; before   (See "Isolated Rules")

по

 

Dat.

along, on;  according to;  "each" (distributive)

Acc.

up to

Prep.

after, upon

Nom.

"each" (distributive).   (See "Isolated Rules")

по поводу

Gen.

in connection with, regarding

по случаю

Gen.

because of, on account of

под (подо)

 

Acc.

under

Instr.

under

подле

Gen.

near

позади

Gen.

behind

помимо

Gen.

apart from

поперёк

Gen.

across

после

Gen.

after

посреди

Gen.

in the middle of

посредством

Gen.

by means of, with

при

Prep.

at, by, near; with; in the days of, in the presence of

про

Acc.

about

против

Gen.

opposite; against

ради

Gen.

for the sake of

с (со)

Instr.

with;  together with

Gen.

off;  from, since

Acc.

about, the size of

сверх

Gen.

above, over

сзади

Gen.

behind

сквозь

Acc.

through

согласно

Dat.

according to

снаружи

Gen.

outside of

спустя

Acc.

thereafter, after that

среди

Gen.

in the middle of;  among

у

Gen.

near, by, at; from

через

Acc.

through, over;   in (with time expressions)